Whatever specie of turtle you own will for sure fall under any of the three major heads which are Herbivorous, Carnivorous or Omnivorous. Try finding out under which head does your pet turtle falls and accordingly select its diet. So basically the diet of any turtle is basically dependent upon the original habitat of the turtle and the specie it belongs to. To bliss your turtle with a long and happy life all one needs to do is create a natural looking habitat for the turtle and also provide it with a diet which it used to fetch in its original habitat. But there are some basic concepts upon which the diet of any turtle should be based. These basic concepts are there to provide an idea of a healthy diet. Have a glance at major food heads a turtle should be provided with.
Calcium shall be a major constituent of turtle diet:
The ideal diet of a turtle shall be specifically rich in calcium, vitamin D3 and phosphorus. Basically your focus should be majorly on the calcium intake of the calcium. According to the preference of the specie you own, include calcium sources like hardboiled and crushed eggshells, crushed oyster shells, cuttlebone and plaster blocks. To ensure that your pet absorbs the calcium you provide to it, keep a check that the foods you provide to it do not contain high amount of oxalic acids.
Go slow with your turtle on protein rich diets :
The kidneys of your turtle can be stressed when it is overloaded with high protein diets. Excess of protein diets can lead to shell pyramiding in turtles. It should never be provided to the turtles as staples. Be cautious that the veggie foods you're providing to your turtle have enough amount of protein to fulfill the requirements of the turtle.
Healthy omnivorous diet for the turtles:
A healthy omnivorous diet will provide your turtle with vital nutrients and vitamins which are perfect to keep it healthy. According to the requirement of the specie you own that is carnivorous, herbivorous or omnivorous you can adjust the quantities of foods mentioned in the list.
Leafy green veggies: If it is a herbivorous turtle then here is a list of nutritive veggies from which am sure some will be your turtles favorite. In a veggie based meal, one can easily include stuffs like sow thistle, lettuce, butter lettuce, turnip greens, tufted vetch, red clover, grape leaves, carrot tops, collards, duckweeds, endive, etc
Other than the leafy greens, one can also include vegetables like beans, sweet potato, corn, carrots, okra, squashes, beets and pea in a rich turtle meal.
Fruity treats: Some fruits which can make a healthy part of your turtle diet include cantaloupe, figs, blueberries, mango, pumpkin, apple kiwi, tomato, strawberry, grapes and banana.
It will also be a great idea to sometimes feed your pet turtle with flowery meals which include floral beauties like pansies, nasturtium, carnations, geraniums, borage, rose, petunia, dandelions, lilies, chives, hibiscus and hyssop.
Protein meals for carnivorous turtles:
An ideal meal for carnivorous turtles packed with proteins includes crickets, cooked fish, shrimps, cooked turkey, chicken and eggs, waxworms, slugs, silkworms, mealworms, earthworms, etc. Occasionally you can also allow your turtles to feast on dog food, cat food and lean beefs. But mind it, the meats provided to the turtle should always be lean meats. So, the above mentioned foods will give you an outline of what should be ideally fed to each type of turtle. In addition to it, don't ever forget that you should never ever feed your pet with even small amounts of milk products, canned/processed foods and plants such as avocado, poison ivy and rhubarb plants. Keeping these points in mind will help you keep a healthy turtle.
How To Feed Turtles
When it comes to noble pets, the name of turtles will for sure hold a high ranking. These easy to handle and tamable pets are almost never problematic except when you feed them in an improper manner. All one needs to know when taming a turtle is about their comfortable and natural looking habitat and a proper food. Mentioned below are some guidelines which will help you to feed your turtle well.
Where to feed the turtle:-
If you can afford then try keeping you pet in a separate tank while feeding. Generally the turtles create a whole lot of mess while eating. After you'll feed your turtle, you'll find ample of crap and left over bits and pieces making the tank mucky enough to change the water. So to avoid this mess, try feeding them in a separate tank.
When to feed the turtle:- It is ideal to feed your turtle after every 48 hours or on every alternate day. But please do not apply this law to the freshly hatched hatchlings. The hatchlings should be fed every day at least till the time they reach the age of eight months. From the ninth month onwards one can feed them on every second day.
What to feed your turtle:-
The diet of your turtle can be majorly classified into three basic heads which are carnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous. The carnivorous are those species which feed basically on flesh while herbivorous are those which most of the time feed on plants and herbs and omnivorous is a combination of the two. Let us have a glance at what is the ideal diet of a carnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous species of turtles.
An ideal diet for the carnivorous turtles:-
One can provide a carnivorous turtle with any sort of lean meat which is cooked well. Raw flesh is completely not recommendable. Any low fat meat such as chicken, fish, etc. can do the carnivorous species well. One can occasionally also overwhelm them by serving cat and dog food, but mind it should be occasional and restricted in terms of quantity. Live food too is appreciated by certain turtle species and for sure you can offer them with supplies of goldfish and guppies. Only go for live food from pet stores and not the one which you accidentally find in the wild.
The ultimate diet for the herbivorous turtles:-
One can feed the pet with nutritive vegetables and fruits such as butter lettuce, squash, radish, carrots, pumpkins and peas. Fruity treats may include portions of banana, pealed pear, grapes, peeled apple, mango and strawberries. Washing them properly and making them of eatable size is entirely your responsibility.
Just the perfect diet for omnivorous turtles:-
The diet for omnivorous pets is a perfect blend of the two. Read the taste and preferences of your pet turtle and feed them accordingly.
After having sufficient information about your pet turtle, am sure you'll be able to spend some gala years with your pet. I wish you all the luck to tame your turtle well and have a peaceful life with it ahead.